Transnational connections and cooperation between movements and regimes in europe from 1918 to 1945 berghahn books arnd bauerkamper, grzegorz rossolinskiliebe. Esau sold his birthright to his brother jacob israel for some red pottage therefore was his name called edom gen. Please consider supporting the world history summer video pro. They were a form of radical nationalism carrying a promise of national rebirth. Pangermanists originally sought to unify all the german speaking people and possibly also germanicspeaking peoples in a single nationstate known as gro. Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. Set 20170918 public opinion and polling around the world a historical encyclopedia, two volume set. Encyclopedia appears in understanding the latter term as one that slips and. Fascism is a form of farright, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power. Nagytalavera, hasefer editure, 1996 legaturi externe modificare modificare sursa cauta fascism in wik. A historical encyclopedia covers all the key personalities and movements throughout the history of fascism and brings to light some of the ideologys lesserknown aspects, from hindu extremists in india to the influential role of certain women in fascist movements. Europes first fascist leader, benito mussolini, took the name of his party from the latin word fasces, which referred to a bundle of. Entries average 1 to 2 pages, but there are some longer articles, such as the 6page. Founded in 1997 it asserts that, not withstanding the variety of its practical and theoretical articulations, marxism constitutes the most fertile conceptual framework for analysing.
A look at the rise of fascism in post wwi europe focusing on adolf hitler and benito mussolini. Benito mussolini coined the term fascism in 1919 to describe his political movement. At the end of world war ii, the major european fascist parties were broken up, and in some countries such as italy and west germany they were officially. Set 20171209 pdf rourkes world of science encyclopedia 10 vol. The fascist party in italy was ruled by a grand council from 1922 until the end of world war ii. Britannica classics check out these retro videos from encyclopedia britannicas archives. This book shows how, during the 20th century, evils such as totalitarianism.
Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated central, southern, and eastern europe between 1919 and 1945 and was characterized by extreme militant nationalism, hatred of communism and socialism, contempt for democracy, and belief in natural social hierarchy and the rule of elites. To a degree even greater than that of historical fascism, neofascism is. Holocaust victims simple english wikipedia, the free. Ak hardcover january 1, 2006 by cyprian blamires editor. The mexican fascist party partido fascista mexicano was a political party that was formed in mexico in 1922 that was officially based upon italian fascism. Mussolinis fascism impressed many in turkey, there were many similarities between the italian fascist regime and the kemalists, including racist rhetoric and authoritarianism reza shah pahlavi, interwar ruler of iran, sometimes referred to as the mussolini of islam. However, in practice it became ruled by the first of the fascist leaders, benito mussolini. Ideology is one variant form of those comprehensive patterns of cognitive and moral beliefs about man, society, and the universe in relation to man and society, which flourish in human societies. Andrea, general editor carolyn neel, associate general editor and volume editor. Controversies over italian fascisms political placement from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia since the end of world war ii, the conventional view held by most historians concerning mussolinis political and social creed was that he exhibited features that would place him.
Fascism arose in europe after world war i when many people yearned for national unity and strong leadership. This aim is to prepare the nation for armed conflict, and to respond to economic difficulties. World of science encyclopedia,10 volume set repost free. Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern europe between 1919 and 1945 and that also had adherents in western europe, the united states, south africa, japan, latin america, and the middle east. Analysis of political and economic forces behind fascism in italy, germany, spain, japan and america. World war began in july 1937 in china, and the role of china in the war as a whole has been neglected. There is no doubt that in the long run nazi leaders such as hitler and himmler intended to eradicate christianity just as ruthlessly as any other rival ideology, even if in the short term they had to be. International encyclopedia of the first world war, ed. An fascismo amo an radikal ngan otoritaryan nga nasyonalista politikal nga idelohiya ngan usa ka corporatista ekonomiya nga idelohiya. Historical materialism is a marxist journal, appearing 4 times a year, based in london.
Fascism is a form of government that is a type of oneparty dictatorship. Fascism and the radical right international encyclopedia of. In this lesson, youll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. From benito mussolinis use of poison gas against abyssinian tribesmen in 1935 and adolf hitlers unparalleled use of mass murder on an industrial scale during the holocaust to presentday rightwing fascist movements in europe, this meticulously researched encyclopedia shows how fascism s history is filled with horror and.
Paxton, the origins of totalitarianism by hannah arendt, fascism. A historical encyclopedia of prejudice and persecution two vol. In italy, benito mussolini used his charisma to establish a powerful fascist state. Fascism appeared in italy in the early 1926s and developed fully in the 1930s. This week in history in these videos, find out what. Italian historiography of the great war has been deeply affected by the close link between historical studies and the climate of public opinion, which can be broken down into five major phases.
The first fascist movements arose in the last years of world war i. World book online is an engaging, verified, and trustworthy digital resource for grades prek through high school. Controversies over italian fascisms political placement. From the followers of hajj amin alhusseini, the arab leader who. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. It stands for a centralized government headed by a dictator. Pdf an overview of the political theories of terrorism. Fascism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Stay up to speed on all we have to offerplus activities, crafts, and blogs for parents and educators in our newsletter. This book is also available on the world wide web as an ebook. Britannica explains in these videos, britannica explains a variety of topics and answers frequently asked questions. Using primary document sources, the author provides a direct account of the origin and evolution of fascism. In order to broaden our perspective and gain the deeper understanding necessary to function effectively in todays global arena, we need to focus on big picture trends and phenomenareligion and philosophy, science and technology, political organization, art and culture. Fascism puts nation and often race above the individual.
This encyclopedia provides a clear overview and examination of antisemitism, with 650 doublecolumn entries by over 200 contributors from 21 countries. Pangermanismus or alldeutsche bewegung, also occasionally known as pangermanicism, is a pannationalist political idea. Griffin, roger fascisms relation to religion in blamires, cyprian, world fascism. This week in history in these videos, find out what happened this week or any week. Encyclopedia of race and racism, 2nd edition gale 978. A historical encyclopedia covers all the key personalities and. Fascism was born in italy following world war i, and other fascist movements. This book shows how, during the 20th century, evils such as totalitarianism, tyranny.
Fascism and nazism developed out of a general crisis of the european political system connected with the rise of the mass participation state from the late nineteenth century to the end of world war i. Oct 10, 2019 italian historiography of the great war has been deeply affected by the close link between historical studies and the climate of public opinion, which can be broken down into five major phases. Encyclopedia of race and racism, 2nd edition features more than 450 updated, revised and new articles exploring ideas about race in the modern era, investigating historical instances of racism, and chronicling the histories of peoples and groups across the world that have been shaped by racism. A historical encyclopedia is a unique addition that fills a glaring void in the reference literature for serious students of the postwar period. Fascism is a radical authoritarian naitionalist poleetical ideology. A historical encyclopedia 2 volume set 20170918 public opinion and polling around the world a historical encyclopedia, two volume set 201201 water encyclopedia, five volume set. Founded in 1997 it asserts that, not withstanding the variety of its practical and theoretical articulations, marxism constitutes the most fertile conceptual framework for analysing social phenomena, with an eye to their overhaul. This historical exploration includes many helpful educational tools, including a timeline, an encyclopedia, and excerpts from primary source documents.1507 530 1525 149 256 189 608 937 967 662 1468 1228 1120 1078 818 1179 96 956 951 978 187 1463 1263 740 62 975 30 1306 1066 443 1523 36 141 138 1119 563 1076 1476 1083