A historical encyclopedia is a unique addition that fills a glaring void in the reference literature for serious students of the postwar period. This book shows how, during the 20th century, evils such as totalitarianism. In italy, benito mussolini used his charisma to establish a powerful fascist state. The mexican fascist party partido fascista mexicano was a political party that was formed in mexico in 1922 that was officially based upon italian fascism.
Holocaust victims simple english wikipedia, the free. Nagytalavera, hasefer editure, 1996 legaturi externe modificare modificare sursa cauta fascism in wik. Controversies over italian fascisms political placement. Analysis of political and economic forces behind fascism in italy, germany, spain, japan and america. Using primary document sources, the author provides a direct account of the origin and evolution of fascism. From benito mussolinis use of poison gas against abyssinian tribesmen in 1935 and adolf hitlers unparalleled use of mass murder on an industrial scale during the holocaust to presentday rightwing fascist movements in europe, this meticulously researched encyclopedia shows how fascism s history is filled with horror and. Pangermanists originally sought to unify all the german speaking people and possibly also germanicspeaking peoples in a single nationstate known as gro. They were a form of radical nationalism carrying a promise of national rebirth. Andrea, general editor carolyn neel, associate general editor and volume editor. From the followers of hajj amin alhusseini, the arab leader who. A historical encyclopedia 2 volume set 20170918 public opinion and polling around the world a historical encyclopedia, two volume set 201201 water encyclopedia, five volume set. Fascism is a radical authoritarian naitionalist poleetical ideology.
In this lesson, youll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. Set 20170918 public opinion and polling around the world a historical encyclopedia, two volume set. International encyclopedia of the first world war, ed. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. This week in history in these videos, find out what happened this week or any week.
Encyclopedia appears in understanding the latter term as one that slips and. Pdf an overview of the political theories of terrorism. Griffin, roger fascisms relation to religion in blamires, cyprian, world fascism. In order to broaden our perspective and gain the deeper understanding necessary to function effectively in todays global arena, we need to focus on big picture trends and phenomenareligion and philosophy, science and technology, political organization, art and culture. Please consider supporting the world history summer video pro. Europes first fascist leader, benito mussolini, took the name of his party from the latin word fasces, which referred to a bundle of. This week in history in these videos, find out what. Controversies over italian fascisms political placement from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia since the end of world war ii, the conventional view held by most historians concerning mussolinis political and social creed was that he exhibited features that would place him. An fascismo amo an radikal ngan otoritaryan nga nasyonalista politikal nga idelohiya ngan usa ka corporatista ekonomiya nga idelohiya. Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern europe between 1919 and 1945 and that also had adherents in western europe, the united states, south africa, japan, latin america, and the middle east.
Britannica explains in these videos, britannica explains a variety of topics and answers frequently asked questions. This encyclopedia provides a clear overview and examination of antisemitism, with 650 doublecolumn entries by over 200 contributors from 21 countries. Founded in 1997 it asserts that, not withstanding the variety of its practical and theoretical articulations, marxism constitutes the most fertile conceptual framework for analysing social phenomena, with an eye to their overhaul. Fascism is a form of farright, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power. At the end of world war ii, the major european fascist parties were broken up, and in some countries such as italy and west germany they were officially. Fascism appeared in italy in the early 1926s and developed fully in the 1930s. The fascist party in italy was ruled by a grand council from 1922 until the end of world war ii. However, in practice it became ruled by the first of the fascist leaders, benito mussolini. Fascism and nazism developed out of a general crisis of the european political system connected with the rise of the mass participation state from the late nineteenth century to the end of world war i. Ak hardcover january 1, 2006 by cyprian blamires editor. A historical encyclopedia covers all the key personalities and movements throughout the history of fascism and brings to light some of the ideologys lesserknown aspects, from hindu extremists in india to the influential role of certain women in fascist movements. Fascism puts nation and often race above the individual.
Esau sold his birthright to his brother jacob israel for some red pottage therefore was his name called edom gen. Mussolinis fascism impressed many in turkey, there were many similarities between the italian fascist regime and the kemalists, including racist rhetoric and authoritarianism reza shah pahlavi, interwar ruler of iran, sometimes referred to as the mussolini of islam. Benito mussolini coined the term fascism in 1919 to describe his political movement. Founded in 1997 it asserts that, not withstanding the variety of its practical and theoretical articulations, marxism constitutes the most fertile conceptual framework for analysing. Ideology is one variant form of those comprehensive patterns of cognitive and moral beliefs about man, society, and the universe in relation to man and society, which flourish in human societies. World of science encyclopedia,10 volume set repost free. Encyclopedia of race and racism, 2nd edition gale 978. There is no doubt that in the long run nazi leaders such as hitler and himmler intended to eradicate christianity just as ruthlessly as any other rival ideology, even if in the short term they had to be. Stay up to speed on all we have to offerplus activities, crafts, and blogs for parents and educators in our newsletter. Encyclopedia of race and racism, 2nd edition features more than 450 updated, revised and new articles exploring ideas about race in the modern era, investigating historical instances of racism, and chronicling the histories of peoples and groups across the world that have been shaped by racism. The first fascist movements arose in the last years of world war i. It stands for a centralized government headed by a dictator. Transnational connections and cooperation between movements and regimes in europe from 1918 to 1945 berghahn books arnd bauerkamper, grzegorz rossolinskiliebe. Fascism arose in europe after world war i when many people yearned for national unity and strong leadership.
World book online is an engaging, verified, and trustworthy digital resource for grades prek through high school. Fascism was born in italy following world war i, and other fascist movements. Fascism and the radical right international encyclopedia of. Fascism in europe was the set of various fascist ideologies practiced by governments and political organizations in europe during the 20th century. This book shows how, during the 20th century, evils such as totalitarianism, tyranny. Fascism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A historical encyclopedia covers all the key personalities and. Historical materialism is a marxist journal, appearing 4 times a year, based in london. Paxton, the origins of totalitarianism by hannah arendt, fascism. To a degree even greater than that of historical fascism, neofascism is. Fascism is a form of government that is a type of oneparty dictatorship. Italian historiography of the great war has been deeply affected by the close link between historical studies and the climate of public opinion, which can be broken down into five major phases.
This book is also available on the world wide web as an ebook. Britannica classics check out these retro videos from encyclopedia britannicas archives. Pangermanismus or alldeutsche bewegung, also occasionally known as pangermanicism, is a pannationalist political idea. Entries average 1 to 2 pages, but there are some longer articles, such as the 6page. This aim is to prepare the nation for armed conflict, and to respond to economic difficulties. A historical encyclopedia of prejudice and persecution two vol. World war began in july 1937 in china, and the role of china in the war as a whole has been neglected. Set 20171209 pdf rourkes world of science encyclopedia 10 vol. Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated central, southern, and eastern europe between 1919 and 1945 and was characterized by extreme militant nationalism, hatred of communism and socialism, contempt for democracy, and belief in natural social hierarchy and the rule of elites. Oct 10, 2019 italian historiography of the great war has been deeply affected by the close link between historical studies and the climate of public opinion, which can be broken down into five major phases. A look at the rise of fascism in post wwi europe focusing on adolf hitler and benito mussolini.725 822 464 319 170 1227 337 1027 362 529 1441 549 1418 63 383 1212 906 485 764 1438 335 376 1178 263 681 743 427 1613 425 555 1563 1607 449 1129 90 151 1596 166 622 1299 1383 125 38 1102 999 1083 949 39