Log in to the web configuration utility and choose network setup rip. Routing information protocol rip routing information protocol rip is a standardized distance vector protocol, designed for use on smaller networks. For large networks and wan links, it is inefficient. Bgp exchanges routing information for the internet and is the protocol used between isps. In calculating and maintain routing table information on a router, a certain amount of processing power and memory is used. Routing information protocol rip is a dynamic routing protocol which uses hop count as a routing metric to find the best path between the source and the destination network. Cisco software sends routing information updates every 30 seconds, which is termed advertising. Rip was one of the first true distance vector routing protocols, and is supported on a wide variety of systems. It is a stable protocol that uses a distancevector algorithm to calculate routes. Rip adheres to the following distance vector characteristics. We also have the wifi alliance that helps with the promotion of wireless networking.
For example, the routing information protocol rip metric is based on hop count, but interior gateway routing protocol. For example, the routing information protocol rip metric is based on hop count, but interior gateway routing protocol igrp and enhanced interior gateway routing protocol eigrp use a composite metric based on bandwidth, delay, reliability, load, and maximum transmission unit mtu, where bandwidth and delay are the only parameters used by. Routers use a routing protocol to know all the available paths of the network and to select the best and the fastest path to forward incoming packets. Through limiting the number of hop counts allowed in paths between sources and destinations, rip prevents routing. Configuring routing information protocol on cisco small business switches to a friend. It also shows how to read a routing table easily and interpret the ipv6 routing information listed within it. The largest number of hops allowed for rip is 15, which limits the size of networks that rip can support.
It is a stable protocol that uses a distancevector. Cisco using the extended ping and extended traceroute commands. Cisco recommends that you have a basic understanding of binary and decimal numbers. Introduction to isis isis is an igp, linkstate routing protocol, similar to ospf. So, routing with rip is generally used for small networks. Ipv6 routing information protocol rip functions the same and offers the same benefits as ipv4 rip.
Cisco software sends routing information updates every 30. The key of our success is to constantly provide the best quality practice exam products combined with the best customer service. Unless ripv2 is manually specified, a cisco will default to ripv1 when configuring. Download cisco ccnp routing pdf study guide snabay. The information presented in this document was created from devices in a specific lab environment. Cisco tcpip routing professional reference, revised and expanded by chris lewis doc. The routing information protocol rip is a distancevector,interior gateway igp routing protocol used by routers to exchange routing information. Objective this objective of this document is to guide you how to configure routing information protocol rip on the uc320w. The routing information protocol rip is one of the oldest distancevector routing protocols which employ the hop count as a routing metric. Ip routing explained the actual forwarding of ip packets by routers is called ip routing. It is a distance vector routing protocol which has ad value 120 and works on the application layer of. Working with routing information protocol rip dummies.
The routing information protocol rip version 1 uses broadcast udp data packets, and ripv2 uses multicast packets to exchange the routing information. This book is designed to provide information about the cisco networking academy routing protocols course. Cisco designed these protocols specifically to overcome some of the limitations with other protocols. Pdf routing is the process your computer uses to transmit a packet between different. Learn how to enable and configure rip routing in cisco router with practical example in packet tracer. Which one feature must a routing protocol have to use vlsm. In this article, we will focus on ripv2, the enhancced version of rip for ipv4.
Ripv2 routing information protocol cisco community. Comparison of rip, ospf and eigrp routing protocols based. Configure routing information protocol configure routing information protocol rip so lets start configure routing information protocol in this lab. Getting network information to start this process, look at the ip route command, which in addition to listing routes, can display summary information letting you know how. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared default configuration. Components used this document is not restricted to specific software and hardware versions. Sample chapter is provided courtesy of cisco press. Learn about free offerings and business continuity best practices during the covid19 pandemic. Enhanced interior gateway routing protocol eigrp enhanced interior gateway routing protocol eigrp is a cisco proprietary hybrid routing protocol, incorporating features of both distancevector and linkstate routing protocols. Proprietary routing protocols are different for each vendor. Routing information protocol rip uses hop count as the metric to rate the.
To support vlsm, a routing protocol must be able to include the subnet mask of each destination address in its updates. Redistributing routing protocols cisco 2500 series routers the information presented in this document was created from devices in a specific lab environment. The routing protocol uses a distancevector algorithm to determine best route to. Rip prevents routing loops by implementing a limit on the number of hops allowed in a path from source to destination.
Igp, distance vector, classless protocol developed by cisco. Ospf, and routing information protocol rip configurations. Routing protocols companion guide cisco networking academy cisco press 800 east 96th street indianapolis, indiana 46240 usa. The cisco proprietary routing protocols that we will be concerned with are igrp and eigrp. Commands that you can use to gather information about the routing information protocol rip routing protocol in order to assist in your troubleshooting and problem resolution are covered. By default, the cisco software validates the source ip address of incoming routing information protocol rip routing updates. Routing information protocol rip is designed to function on small to large networks but can suffer when a network is not designed to accommodate its eccentricities. Configure routing information protocol rip on cisco router.
Rip routing information protocol uses hopcount as metric. This has nothing to do with the learning of network routes through static or dynamic routing protocols. Cisco tcpip routing professional reference, revised and. Ciscoforall proudly serves it professionals worldwide providing industry leading it certification training solutions. Rip was one of the first true distance vector routing protocols. Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is. Routing information protocol rip was the first protocol used in dynamic routing. This course covers everything in icnd1 and you will learn the basics of networking, how to configure a small network with cisco routers and switches and more. Routing information protocol rip is a commonly used routing protocol in small to medium tcpip networks. The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment.
Enhanced interior gateway routing protocol is ciscos proprietary routing protocol based on. If you see a hop count in the routing table, this means that that route is unreachable. A routing protocol shares this information first among immediate. Rip is an open protocol and was first published in. Become acquainted with cisco network devices and code listings. Basic routing concepts and protocols explained learn the types, features, and functions of routing protocols and understand how routing protocols work. Although modern networks do not use it today, its still popular in small networks because of its simplicity and in academic environments as a starting point of understanding how the routing process is working. Protocolindependent configuration guide, cisco ios.
Routing information protocol rip as a routing protocol is based on methodologies that go back to the beginning of tcpip routing with the formation of the arpanet, which is the precursor of what is now called the internet. This book describes the commands used to configure and monitor routing information protocol rip routing capabilities and features. Rip protocol configuration guide with examples rip is the simplest and one of the oldest distance vector routing protocol. Eigrp is an enhancement of the original igrp protocol. Configuring ip routing protocolindependent features cisco. The information presented focuses primarily on ripv2, rather than on ripv1, because with ripv1, all systems must use classbased network masks or be subnetted exactly the same way. Rip routing information protocol is a distance vector routing protocol. In classless routing protocols, subnet information is exchanged during routing updates.
It counts the hops and the better hop is the closest host. Home downloads download cisco ccnp routing pdf study guide. Eigrp adheres to the following hybrid characteristics. You must configure ip routing command before you configure rip. Rip v2, eigrp, ospf, bgp v4, and isis are examples of classless routing protocols. To share and distribute routing table information, all routing protocols need to send an amount of data over the network, and some send more than others.
You must disable this functionality if you want to receive updates. Routing information protocols rip rip routing information protocol is a forceful protocol type used in local area network and wide area network. If the source address is not valid, the software discards the routing update. Customer networks, such as universities and corporations, usually employ an interior gateway protocol igp, such as rip or ospf, to exchange routing information within their networks. The cisco implementation of the routing information protocol rip version 2 ripv2 supports authentication, key management, route summarization, classless. Consolidated platform configuration guide, cisco ios release 15. Troubleshooting routing information protocol rip dummies. Comparison of rip, ospf and eigrp routing protocols based on.
Rip routing information protocol type is categorized interior gateway protocol within the use of distance vector algorithm. Rip prevents routing loops by implementing a limit on the number of hops. Which two types of authentication are available with cisco s ripv2. If either host does not have its default gateway set correctly, or it does not have the correct routes in its. Rip enhancements for ipv6, detailed in rfc 2080, include. Online cisco tcpip routing professional reference, revised and expanded by chris lewis ebook pdf download. Or in other words, minimum hop count is the closest. Routing information protocol distance vector routing share the most you know about the entire autonomous system share with all your direct neighbors, and them only share periodically, e. Ripv2 is a distancevector protocol that has been in use for many years.
To create and configure a cisco network, you need to know about routers and switches to develop and manage secure cisco systems. Ripng is a routing information protocol enhancement for ipv6 based networks. Configuring ip routing protocol independent features. This chapter explains multiple routing protocols particularly dynamic routing protocols and describes their relative strengths and weaknesses.386 295 1052 312 229 849 209 1191 822 770 187 1270 724 1604 1366 33 550 278 1509 5 473 1037 1124 837 1152 1513 139 1508 723 30 672 470 237 402 694 137 1473 941 569 416 1117 369 831 1199 136 281